- Site Analysis
- Site Use
- Passive Design
- Material Use
- Wet Areas
- Health and Safety
- Other Resources
Designing the building and the spaces within it to benefit from natural light, ventilation and even temperatures.
Shading should be designed to take into account the sun's path in summer and winter.
In general, midday summer sun is not difficult to exclude through windows that face within 20° of solar north. The sun’s high angle means that it will not enter these windows during the summer months if shaded by eaves or external shades.
It is more difficult to shade east and west faces as they receive low morning and afternoon sun. Where low sun is a problem, keep east and west facing glazing to a minimum.
The following table recommends shading options for different situations.
Time of day
Type of shading
Middle of day
Fixed or adjustable above window
To design effective shading, it is important to have a good understanding of sun paths at the site at different times of the year.