- Site Analysis
- Site Use
- Passive Design
- Material Use
- Wet Areas
- Health and Safety
- Other Resources
Understanding all the features of a site, using and protecting the best, and minimising the impact of the worst.
Understanding the site is the first step towards designing or substantially renovating a house that will minimise its impact on the environment, minimise the use of resources and be comfortable and healthier to live in.
You will need to distinguish between macro (regional or large-scale) effects and micro (site-specific) effects.
You will need to understand site characteristics that are specific to the site (such as topography and landscape features) and broader local or regional effects such as regional climate.
In addition to physical aspects such as sun, wind or ground stability, look also for any covenants or encumbrances on the land title. These can limit what you can do on a site. Covenants may place restrictions around things like the building materials or colour schemes used on a building. They can also apply to the land around a building, by limiting the height of trees or prohibiting clotheslines that are visible from the street, for example. Covenants often apply to new suburbs or developments.
A land title may also contain an easement. This typically covers a neighbour or local authority running an underground gas, water or sewerage pipe through a property. This limits the use of the land where the pipe runs through.
Updated: 05 June 2018
New Zealand climate and environmental zonesClimate should influence building size/form and location on site, material choices, window/door size and placement, bracing requirements and Building Code compliance.
SunUtilising the availability of the sun on a site can increase the energy efficiency and comfort of the building.
WindBuilding design must take account of wind direction, speed and frequency.
RainThe amount, direction and intensity of rainfall on a site should influence several aspects of a building’s design.
Plants, trees and landscape featuresIdentify the impact or benefit of plants, trees, landforms and adjacent buildings on sun, shade, shelter and a site’s intrinsic value.
HazardsAssess potential risk from earthquakes, floods, slips, slumps and erosion, and contamination or pollution.
Services and infrastructureDetermine the availability of and access to water, energy services, sewer and stormwater drainage, vehicular access, phone and other services.
Site conditions and ground stabilityAssess stability of ground and banks/cliffs, acceptable soil bearing pressure and soil types and water table.
Culture and heritageConsider the historical and cultural context of the site – building style, materials, scale, protected structures and trees, and permitted development.
Site analysis checklistSummarising the documents that need to be obtained and the information to be collected on site.