- Site Analysis
- Site Use
- Passive Design
- Material Use
- Wet Areas
- Health and Safety
- Other Resources
Health and Safety
Taking care with materials, equipment and work procedures and dealing with hazards.
Health and Safety
The construction sector is one of the largest employers in New Zealand, but it also has a significant proportion of workplace-related accidents.
The construction industry had 34,300 work-related ACC claims in 2015, second only to the manufacturing industry.
The majority of injuries in the construction sector occur from falls or falling objects, or while using power tools. Hearing loss is common. Hazardous materials such as lead paint, wood and cement dust and solvents can be responsible for respiratory and other health-related problems.
Most work-related deaths in in the building industry are the result of exposure to asbestos.
Good workplace housekeeping practices include:
- maintaining a tidy site
- having clear access and egress ways
- following good site management practices
- having designated areas for material delivery and waste storage
- regular maintenance of plant and equipment
- installing barriers where required
- erecting signage as required
- provision and maintenance of sanitary facilities for staff.
Failure to maintain good workplace practices can result in construction-related health and safety issues and inefficiencies such as increased likelihood of injuries, loss of working efficiency due to multiple handling of materials and bottlenecks in work flow and movement around the site.
Facilities required on site
The Health and Safety at Work (General Risk and Workplace Management) Regulations 2016 requires the person in charge of the business to ensure a workplace (i.e. building site) has certain facilities. They include:
- There is enough lighting and ventilation for workers to carry out work safely.
- Workers doing their job in extreme heat or cold can do so safely.
- Adequate facilities are provided for workers, including:
– drinking water
– hand-washing facilities
– a place where workers can eat and take breaks
– adequate and accessible first aid equipment
– facilities where workers who become unwell can rest if it is not reasonable for them to leave the site.
- An adequate number of workers on site are trained in first aid, or workers have access to other people trained to give first aid.
All these facilities must be clean, safe, accessible and kept in good working order.”
The Health and Safety at Work Act
The Health and Safety at Work Act came into force on 4 April 2016.
The new law is part of a package of measures that aims to reduce workplace deaths and injuries by 25% by 2020. All businesses, regardless of size, will need to engage their staff in safety issues. The new law stresses that everyone at work is responsible for health and safety.
The Act moves away from general hazard spotting towards managing critical risks – actions that reduce workplace harm rather than trivial hazards. It also moves away from focusing on the physical workplace to how work is actually done. Businesses have to take steps that are “reasonably practicable”. Action will depend on the level of risk involved and what a business can control.
Regulations have been developed to cover risk and workplace management, asbestos, major hazard facilities, and worker participation.
Updated: 16 December 2016