- Site Analysis
- Site Use
- Passive Design
- Controlling temperature with passive design: an introduction
- Thermal simulation
- Location, orientation and layout
- Thermal mass
- Glazing and glazing units
- Controlling indoor air quality
- Controlling noise
- Climate change
- Passive House
- Material Use
- Wet Areas
- Health and Safety
- Other Resources
Designing the building and the spaces within it to benefit from natural light, ventilation and even temperatures.
Options for roof insulation
Ceilings/roof spaces are generally insulated using blanket/segment or loose fill insulation.
On this page:
- Insulating timber-framed roofs
- Steel-frame roofs
- Insulating skillion roofs
Blanket or mat (segmented) insulation is available in glasswool (fibreglass), wool, polyester, wool/polyester mix, and mineral wool.
Loose fill insulation is available in glasswool, mineral wool, macerated paper and wool.
Install ceiling space insulation between joists over the ceiling lining where possible as this is where the greatest heat loss occurs. A second layer should be laid over the framing to reduce the effect of thermal bridging.
The general principles of roof insulation are the same for steel-framed roofs, although there are some slight changes required to where and how insulation is installed in practice for the best results. For more information see the BRANZ publication Building Basics Steel Framing.
For skillion roofs with exposed rafters, install insulation over the ceiling lining between purlins – purlins must be sized to provide sufficient depth for the required thickness of insulation plus a 25 mm minimum air gap between the insulation and the flexible roofing underlay.
For skillion roofs with concealed rafters, install insulation between rafters – the combined rafter/purlin depth is likely to be sufficient to ensure that a 25 mm minimum air gap is achieved.
Note: For both exposed and concealed rafter skillion roofs, an air barrier must be installed over a timber-boarded ceiling to prevent air movement into the roof framing.
Updated: 23 October 2018